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Important International Organisations and Groups

International Organisations and Groups

List of Important International Organisations and Groups

Asia Pacific Economic Corporation (APEC)
  • Established: Nov, 1989
  • Objective: To promote trade and investment in the Pacific basin.
  • Members: 21 (Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, China, Hong Cong, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Republic of China, Thailand, United States, Vietnam.)
  • Headquarter: Singapore
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
  • Established: Aug. 22, 1966
  • Objective: To promote regional economic cooperation.
  • Members: 67
  • Headquarter: Manila, Philippines.
Amnesty International (AI)
  • Established: May 28, 1961
  • Objective: To keep a watch over human rights violation worldwide.
  • Members: 150
  • Headquarters: London
  • Got Nobel Prize in 1977 for Peace.
Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
  • Established: Aug. 8, 1967
  • Objective: Regional, economic, social and cultural cooperation among the non-communist countries of South-East Asia.
  • Members: 10 ( Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia.)
  • Headquarters: Jakarta, Indonesia.
Common Wealth of Independent States (CIS)
  • Established: Dec. 8, 1991
  • Objective: To coordinate inter-common wealth relations and to provide a mechanism for the orderly dissolution on the USSR.
  • Members:  11 (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan).
  • Headquarters: Minsk (Belarus)
The Common Wealth
  • Established:It was originally known as ‘The British Commonwealth of Nations’. It is an association of sovereign and independent states which formally made up the British Empire.It was established in year 1931.
  • Members: 53
  • Headquarters: Marlboro House, London.
  • Objective:To help the member countries in the development of economy, technique, education and culture.
  • The British Monarch (Queen Elizabeth II) is the symbolic head of the commonwealth.
  • Commonwealth heads of government meet (CHOGM) is held in every 2 years.
European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • Established: July 1, 1953 ( effective- 29 September 1954)
  • Objective: To foster nuclear research for peaceful purposes only
  • Members: 19
  • Headquarters: Geneva (Switzerland)
European Union (EU)
  • Established: Apr.8, 1965. Effective on July 1, 1967
  • Objective: To create a united Europe in which member countries would have such strong economic and political bonds that war would cease to be a recurring fact.
  • Members: 27 (The ten new countries which joined in 2004 are Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slavakia and Slovania). Bulgaria & Romania joined in 2007.
  • Headquarters: Brussels (Belgium). The common European, currency, Euro, was launched on Jan. 1, 1999
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
  • Established: October 16 ,1945
  • Objective: UN specialized agency to raise living standards and increase availability of agricultural products
  • Members: 162
  • Headquarters: Rome( Italy)
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
  • Established: October 30 ,1947 (effective-1 January 1948)
  • Objective: To promote the expansion of international trade on a nondiscriminatory basis
  • Members: 104
  • Headquarters: Geneva (Switzerland)
Group of 8 or G-8
  • Established: Sept. 22, 1985
  • Headquarter: Keep on changing according to the presidency.
  • Objective: To promote co-operation among major non-communist economic powers.
  • Members: France, Germany, Japan, UK, US, Canada, Italy, Plus Russia (added later).
Group of 15 or G-15
  • Established: 1889
  • Objective: To promote economic co-operation among developing nations.
  • Members:  18 (Algeria, Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, Zimbabwe, India, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Jamaica, Mexico, Venezuela).
  • Headquarter: Geneva, Switzerland
Group of 77 or G-77
  • Established: June 15, 1964
  • Objective: To promote economic co-operation among developing nations.
  • Members: 134
International Criminal Police Organization For (INTERPOL)
  • Established: Sept. 7, 1923
  • Objective: To promote the international cooperation among criminal police authorities.
  • Members: 186
  • Headquarters: Lyon, France.
International Olympic Committee (IOC)
  • Established: June 23, 1894
  • Objective: To promote the Olympic ideals and administer Olympic Games.
  • Members: 203
  • Headquarters: Switzerland.
International Organization For Standardization ( ISO)
  • Established: Feb., 1947
  • Objective: To promote development of international standards.
  • Members: 158
  • Headquarters: Switzerland.
International Red Cross And Crescent Movement
  • Established: By Henry Duet in 1863
  • Objective: To promote worldwide humanitarian aid.
  • Headquarters: Geneva,Switzerland.
League of Arab
  • Established: March 22, 1945.
  • Objective: To promote economic, social, political and military cooperation.
  • Members: 22
  • Headquarters: Cairo, Egypt (but, it is now in Tunis)
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
  • Established: Sept., 1961
  • Headquarter: Belgrade, Yugoslavia
  • Objective: Political co-operation and separate itself from both USA and USSR (in the cold-war era).
  • Members: 120
  • The credit of evolving the concept goes to Pt. Jawahar lal Nehru. The other contributors were Marshal Tito (President of Yugoslavia), Dr. Sukamo (President of Indonesia) and General Nasser (President of Egypt). Bandung conference in Indonesia became the forum for the birth of NAM.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
  • Established: April 4, 1949
  • Objective: Mutual defense and cooperation
  • Members: 27 + Russia
  • Headquarters: Brussels, Belgium
Organization Of The Islamic Conference (OIC)
  • Established: Sept. 25, 1969
  • Objective: To promote Islamic solidarity among member states and to consolidate cooperation among members.
  • Members: 57
  • Headquarters:Kilo 6, Mecca Road, P.O.B. 178, Saudi Arabia.
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  • Established: Sept,1959
  • Objective: Attempts to set world prices by controlling oil production and also persues member interest in trade and development.
  • Members: 12 (Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, UAE, Nigeria, Ecuador, Gabon, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Angola and Venezuela).
  • Headquarters: Vienna (Austria).
South Asian Association For Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
  • Established: Dec. 8, 1985
  • Objective: To promote economic, social and cultural cooperation.
  • Members: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Srilanka, Afghanistan.
  • Headquarters: Kathmandu, Nepal.
Scouts and Guides
  • Established: 1907 by Lt. Gen. Baden Powell.
  • Objective: To encourage good character, loyalty to god and country, service to other people and physical and mental fitness.
  • Members: About 13 million members of around 115 nations.
  • World Scouts Bureau: Geneva (Switzerland).
Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
  • Established: June 7, 2002.
  • Objective: To develop mutual cooperation.
  • Members: Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrghiztan and Tajikistan.
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
  • Established: November 16, 1945 ( effective 4 November 1946)
  • Objective: To promote cooperation in education, science, and culture
  • Members: 172
  • Headquarters: Paris, France

World Bank

  • Established: July, 1944
  • Objective: Crediting, Working for a world free of Poverty
  • Members: 189
  • Headquarters: Washington D.C. (U.S.A.)
World Health Organization (WHO)
  • Established: April 7, 1948
  • Objective: UN specialized agency concerned with health matters  for all.
  • Members: 193
  • Headquarters: Geneva (Switzerland)
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
  • Established: July 14 , 1967
  • Objective: To promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world
  • Members: 188
  • Headquarters: Geneva (Switzerland)
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
  • Established: Oct. 11, 1947, Effective from April 4, 1951.
  • Objective: Specialized UN Agency concerned with meteorological cooperation.
  • Members: 188
  • Headquarters: Geneva
World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • Established: January 1, 1995
  • Objective: Regulate International Trade
  • Members: 162
  • Headquarters: Geneva (Switzerland)
World Wildlife Fund For Nature (WWF)
  • Established: Sept. 11, 1961
  • Objective: To save the wildlife from extinction
  • Members: All the countries of the world
  • Headquarters: Gland (Switzerland)

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