India, Study Materials

List of Important National Highways of India

List of Important National Highways of India
List of Important National Highways of India

Transport System-List of Important National Highways of India

The Present transport system of the country comprises several modes of transport including rail ,road ,coastal shipping,air transport etc.India has revolutionized both external and internal transport systems completely.

Rail Transport 

Railways are the most important means of transport in India. Recent improvements in railway communication have played the most important role in the internal development of the country. They have brought different parts of the country closer

The arrival of railways is of special benefit to the farmers. The construction of the railway has not diminished the social and political effects.

Air Transport System-

As the other means of national and international communication, proper transportation should be done at the same time for air transport. There are some natural advantages in this regard in India and they must be fully exploited for the development of the airways.

The government is taking keen interest not only for its importance as a means of transportation but also in the expansion of civil aviation due to its strategic value in the case of national defense. There are also a large number of aerodrome in the country.

Road Transport

  • India is one of the largest road transport systems in the World.
  • India’s road network consists of Expressways, National Highways, State Highways, Major District Roads, Other District Roads and Village Roads.

National Highways

  • National highways are constructed and maintained by the Central Government
  • State highways by the respective state government while District highways by the respective District Board.
  • They constitute only 2% of the total road length and carries nearly 40% of the road traffic.
  • NHDP (National Highways Development Project) includes the Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) comprises the National Highways connecting the four metro cities, viz. Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata.
  • Total length of  GQ is 5846 km

 

Some Important National Highways in India
National HighwayRouteDistance (K.M.)
NH-1Delhi to Amritsar ( New Delhi-Ambala-Jalandhar-Amritsar)663
NH-1 AJalandhar to  Uri  (  via Madhavpur, Jammu, Srinagar and Baramula)456
NH-2Delhi to Kolkata (Delhi-Mathura-Agra-Kanpur-Allahabad-Varanasi-Kolkata)1465
NH-3Agra to Mumbai  ( Agra-Gwalior-Nasik-Mumbai)1161
NH-4Thane (Mumbai)  to Chennai (via Pune, Belgaun, Hubli, Bangaloru and Ranipet )1235
NH-5Kolkata to  Chennai (via Cuttack, Visakhapatanam and Vijaywada)1533
NH-6Kolkata  to Dhule (via Nagpur, Raipur and Sambalpur, Dhule)1949
NH-7Varanasi  to Kanyakumari (via Varanasi Nagpur- Bangalloru -Madhurai- Kanyakumari)2369
NH-8Delhi to Mumbai (vai Jaipur, Baroda and Ahmedabad)1428
NH-9Mumbai to Vijaywada (via Sholapur and Hyderabad, Vijaywada)841
NH-10Delhi to Fazilka  proceeding to Indo-Pak border403
NH-11Agra to Bikaner582
NH-12Jabalpur to Jaipur890
NH-13Sholapur to Mangalore691
NH-15Pathankot to Kandla  (Near Thar Desert)1526
NH-17Panvel to Edapally1269
NH-22Ambala to Shipki La 459
NH-24Delhi to Lucknow  (via Bareilly)438
NH-28Lucknow to Barauni570
NH-31Barhi to Guwahati1125
NH-37Panchratna (near Goalpara)  to Saiknoaghat680
NH-39Numaligarh to Indo – Myanmar Border ( via Imphal and Palel)436
NH-44Shillong to Sabroom630
NH-48Bangalore to Mangalore ( via Hasan )328
NH-49Cochin to Dhanshkodi (via Madurai)440
NH-52Baihatato Junction NH-47 (near Saikhoaghat)850
NH-55Siliguri to Darjeeling 77
NH-58Delhi to Mana538
NH-65Ambala to Pali690
NH-75Gwalior to Ranchi955
NH-76Pindwara to Allahabad1007
NH-78Katni to Gumla559
NH-80Makamah to Farakka 310
NH-86Kanpur to Dewas674
NH-91Ghaziabad to Kanpur405
NH-102Chapra to Muzaffarpur80
NH-150Aizawl to Kohima700
NH-200Raipur to Chandikhal740
NH-205Ananthapur to Chennai442
NH-209Dindigul to Bengaluru456
NH-211Solapur to Dhule400
NH-217Raipur to Gopalpur508
NH-220Kollam (Quilon) to Teui265
  • The longest National Highway) is NH-7 (Varanasi to Kanyakumari.Its Total length is 2369 km.
  • The shortest National Highway is NH-47A   (Kochi-Wellington Island Kerala).
  • NH-1 and NH-2 are collectively called as the Grand Trunk Road.
  • NH-1 and NH-7 cross each other at Nagpur.
  • NH-39 is called as “Lifeline of Myanmar”.
  • Maharashtra has the maximum length of roads.

State wise List of National Highways

StateNational Highways
Andhra Pradesh4, 5, 7, 9, 16, 18, 43, 63, 202, 205, 214, 214A, 219, 221 & 222
Arunachal Pradesh52, 52A & 153
Assam31, 31B, 31C, 36, 37, 37A, 38, 39, 44, 51, 52, 52A, 52B, 53, 54, 61, 62, 151, 152, 153 & 154
Bihar2, 2C, 19, 28, 28A, 28B, 30, 30A, 31, 57, 57A, 77, 80, 81, 82, 83, 83, 84, 85, 98, 99, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107 & 110
Chandigarh21
Chhattisgarh6, 12A, 16, 43, 78, 200, 202, 216, 217, 111, & 221
Delhi1, 2, 8, 10 & 24
Goa4A, 17, 17A & 17B
GujaratNE-I, 6, 8, 8A, 8B, 8C, 8D, 8E, 14, 15, 59, 113 & 228
Haryana1, 2, 8, 10, 21A, 22, 64, 65, 71, 71A, 72, 73, 73A , 71B & NE-II1512
Himachal Pradesh1A, 20, 21, 21A, 22, 70, 72, 88 & 73A
Jammu & Kashmir1A, 1B, 1C & 1D
Jharkhand2, 6, 23, 31, 32, 33, 75, 78, 80, 98, 99 & 100
Karnataka4, 4A, 7, 9, 13, 17, 48, 63, 67, 206, 207,209, 212 & 218
Kerala17, 47, 47A, 49, 208, 212, 213, & 220
Madhya Pradesh3, 7, 12, 12A, 25, 26, 26A, 27, 59, 59A, 69, 75, 76, 78, 86 & 92
Maharashtra3, 4, 4B, 4C, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, 16, 17, 50, 69, 204, 211 & 222
Manipur39, 53, 150 & 155
Meghalaya40, 44, 51 & 62
Mizoram44A, 54, 54A, 54B, 150 & 154
Nagaland36, 39, 61, 150 & 155
Odisha5, 5A, 6, 23, 42, 43, 60, 75, 200, 201, 203, 203A, 215, 217 & 2243704
Puducherry45A & 66
Punjab1, 1A, 10, 15, 20, 21, 22, 64, 70, 71, 72 & 95
Rajasthan3, 8, 11, 11A, 11B, 12, 14, 15, 65, 71B, 76, 79, 79A, 89, 5585, 90, 113, 112, 114 & 116
Sikkim31A
Tamilnadu4, 5, 7, 7A, 45, 45A, 45B, 45C, 46, 47, 47B, 49, 66, 67, 68, 205, 207, 208, 209, 210, 219, 220, 226 & 227
Tripura44 & 44A 400
Uttaranchal58, 72, 72A, 73, 74, 87, 94, 108, 109, 123, 119, 121, 87 Ext. & 125
Uttar Pradesh2, 2A, 3, 7, 11, 12A, 19, 24, 24A, 24B, 25, 25A, 26, 27, 28, 28B, 28C, 29, 56, 56A, 56B, 58, 72A, 73, 74, 75, 76, 86, 87, 91, 91A, 92, 93 ,96, 97 , 119 & NE-II
West Bengal2, 2B, 6, 31, 31A, 31C, 32, 34, 35, 41, 55, 60, 60A, 80, 81 & 117
Andaman & Nicobar223

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