India, Study Materials

List of Important National Highways of India

List of Important National Highways of India
List of Important National Highways of India

Transport System-List of Important National Highways of India

The Present transport system of the country comprises several modes of transport including rail ,road ,coastal shipping,air transport etc.India has revolutionized both external and internal transport systems completely.

Rail Transport 

Railways are the most important means of transport in India. Recent improvements in railway communication have played the most important role in the internal development of the country. They have brought different parts of the country closer

The arrival of railways is of special benefit to the farmers. The construction of the railway has not diminished the social and political effects.

Air Transport System-

As the other means of national and international communication, proper transportation should be done at the same time for air transport. There are some natural advantages in this regard in India and they must be fully exploited for the development of the airways.

The government is taking keen interest not only for its importance as a means of transportation but also in the expansion of civil aviation due to its strategic value in the case of national defense. There are also a large number of aerodrome in the country.

Road Transport

  • India is one of the largest road transport systems in the World.
  • India’s road network consists of Expressways, National Highways, State Highways, Major District Roads, Other District Roads and Village Roads.

National Highways

  • National highways are constructed and maintained by the Central Government
  • State highways by the respective state government while District highways by the respective District Board.
  • They constitute only 2% of the total road length and carries nearly 40% of the road traffic.
  • NHDP (National Highways Development Project) includes the Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) comprises the National Highways connecting the four metro cities, viz. Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata.
  • Total length of  GQ is 5846 km

 

Some Important National Highways in India
National Highway Route Distance (K.M.)
NH-1 Delhi to Amritsar ( New Delhi-Ambala-Jalandhar-Amritsar) 663
NH-1 A Jalandhar to  Uri  (  via Madhavpur, Jammu, Srinagar and Baramula) 456
NH-2 Delhi to Kolkata (Delhi-Mathura-Agra-Kanpur-Allahabad-Varanasi-Kolkata) 1465
NH-3 Agra to Mumbai  ( Agra-Gwalior-Nasik-Mumbai) 1161
NH-4 Thane (Mumbai)  to Chennai (via Pune, Belgaun, Hubli, Bangaloru and Ranipet ) 1235
NH-5 Kolkata to  Chennai (via Cuttack, Visakhapatanam and Vijaywada) 1533
NH-6 Kolkata  to Dhule (via Nagpur, Raipur and Sambalpur, Dhule) 1949
NH-7 Varanasi  to Kanyakumari (via Varanasi Nagpur- Bangalloru -Madhurai- Kanyakumari) 2369
NH-8 Delhi to Mumbai (vai Jaipur, Baroda and Ahmedabad) 1428
NH-9 Mumbai to Vijaywada (via Sholapur and Hyderabad, Vijaywada) 841
NH-10 Delhi to Fazilka  proceeding to Indo-Pak border 403
NH-11 Agra to Bikaner 582
NH-12 Jabalpur to Jaipur 890
NH-13 Sholapur to Mangalore 691
NH-15 Pathankot to Kandla  (Near Thar Desert) 1526
NH-17 Panvel to Edapally 1269
NH-22 Ambala to Shipki La  459
NH-24 Delhi to Lucknow  (via Bareilly) 438
NH-28 Lucknow to Barauni 570
NH-31 Barhi to Guwahati 1125
NH-37 Panchratna (near Goalpara)  to Saiknoaghat 680
NH-39 Numaligarh to Indo – Myanmar Border ( via Imphal and Palel) 436
NH-44 Shillong to Sabroom 630
NH-48 Bangalore to Mangalore ( via Hasan ) 328
NH-49 Cochin to Dhanshkodi (via Madurai) 440
NH-52 Baihatato Junction NH-47 (near Saikhoaghat) 850
NH-55 Siliguri to Darjeeling 77
NH-58 Delhi to Mana 538
NH-65 Ambala to Pali 690
NH-75 Gwalior to Ranchi 955
NH-76 Pindwara to Allahabad 1007
NH-78 Katni to Gumla 559
NH-80 Makamah to Farakka 310
NH-86 Kanpur to Dewas 674
NH-91 Ghaziabad to Kanpur 405
NH-102 Chapra to Muzaffarpur 80
NH-150 Aizawl to Kohima 700
NH-200 Raipur to Chandikhal 740
NH-205 Ananthapur to Chennai 442
NH-209 Dindigul to Bengaluru 456
NH-211 Solapur to Dhule 400
NH-217 Raipur to Gopalpur 508
NH-220 Kollam (Quilon) to Teui 265
  • The longest National Highway) is NH-7 (Varanasi to Kanyakumari.Its Total length is 2369 km.
  • The shortest National Highway is NH-47A   (Kochi-Wellington Island Kerala).
  • NH-1 and NH-2 are collectively called as the Grand Trunk Road.
  • NH-1 and NH-7 cross each other at Nagpur.
  • NH-39 is called as “Lifeline of Myanmar”.
  • Maharashtra has the maximum length of roads.

State wise List of National Highways

State National Highways
Andhra Pradesh 4, 5, 7, 9, 16, 18, 43, 63, 202, 205, 214, 214A, 219, 221 & 222
Arunachal Pradesh 52, 52A & 153
Assam 31, 31B, 31C, 36, 37, 37A, 38, 39, 44, 51, 52, 52A, 52B, 53, 54, 61, 62, 151, 152, 153 & 154
Bihar 2, 2C, 19, 28, 28A, 28B, 30, 30A, 31, 57, 57A, 77, 80, 81, 82, 83, 83, 84, 85, 98, 99, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107 & 110
Chandigarh 21
Chhattisgarh 6, 12A, 16, 43, 78, 200, 202, 216, 217, 111, & 221
Delhi 1, 2, 8, 10 & 24
Goa 4A, 17, 17A & 17B
Gujarat NE-I, 6, 8, 8A, 8B, 8C, 8D, 8E, 14, 15, 59, 113 & 228
Haryana 1, 2, 8, 10, 21A, 22, 64, 65, 71, 71A, 72, 73, 73A , 71B & NE-II1512
Himachal Pradesh 1A, 20, 21, 21A, 22, 70, 72, 88 & 73A
Jammu & Kashmir 1A, 1B, 1C & 1D
Jharkhand 2, 6, 23, 31, 32, 33, 75, 78, 80, 98, 99 & 100
Karnataka 4, 4A, 7, 9, 13, 17, 48, 63, 67, 206, 207,209, 212 & 218
Kerala 17, 47, 47A, 49, 208, 212, 213, & 220
Madhya Pradesh 3, 7, 12, 12A, 25, 26, 26A, 27, 59, 59A, 69, 75, 76, 78, 86 & 92
Maharashtra 3, 4, 4B, 4C, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, 16, 17, 50, 69, 204, 211 & 222
Manipur 39, 53, 150 & 155
Meghalaya 40, 44, 51 & 62
Mizoram 44A, 54, 54A, 54B, 150 & 154
Nagaland 36, 39, 61, 150 & 155
Odisha 5, 5A, 6, 23, 42, 43, 60, 75, 200, 201, 203, 203A, 215, 217 & 2243704
Puducherry 45A & 66
Punjab 1, 1A, 10, 15, 20, 21, 22, 64, 70, 71, 72 & 95
Rajasthan 3, 8, 11, 11A, 11B, 12, 14, 15, 65, 71B, 76, 79, 79A, 89, 5585, 90, 113, 112, 114 & 116
Sikkim 31A
Tamilnadu 4, 5, 7, 7A, 45, 45A, 45B, 45C, 46, 47, 47B, 49, 66, 67, 68, 205, 207, 208, 209, 210, 219, 220, 226 & 227
Tripura 44 & 44A 400
Uttaranchal 58, 72, 72A, 73, 74, 87, 94, 108, 109, 123, 119, 121, 87 Ext. & 125
Uttar Pradesh 2, 2A, 3, 7, 11, 12A, 19, 24, 24A, 24B, 25, 25A, 26, 27, 28, 28B, 28C, 29, 56, 56A, 56B, 58, 72A, 73, 74, 75, 76, 86, 87, 91, 91A, 92, 93 ,96, 97 , 119 & NE-II
West Bengal 2, 2B, 6, 31, 31A, 31C, 32, 34, 35, 41, 55, 60, 60A, 80, 81 & 117
Andaman & Nicobar 223

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