Science, Study Materials

Most Famous Scientific Instruments and their Usage

Most Famous Scientific Instruments and their Usage

Most Famous Scientific Instruments and their Usage

Scientific Instrument is a tool used for scientific reason and area. Its instrument measures something such as position, temperature, pressure, direction and speed etc. Scientific Instrument is very useful day by day. All competitive examinations Railway, UPPSC, MPPSC, SSC and Bank asked one or two question related to scientific instrument. Here list of Most Famous Scientific Instruments and their Usage.

Scientific Instruments and their Usage

S.No. Instrument Name Use
1 Altimeter An instrument used in aircrafts for measuring altitudes.
2 Ammeter An instrument used to measures strength of eclectic current.
3 Anemometer An instrument used to measures force and velocity of wind and directions.
4 Audiometer An instrument to measures intensity of sound.
5 Barograph An instrument used to measures continuous recording of atmospheric pressure.
6 Barometer An instrument used to measures atmospheric pressure and conditions
7 Binoculars An instrument used to view distant objects.
8 Bolometer An instrument to measure heat radiation.
9 Calipers An instrument used to measures inner and outer diameter of bodies (wire, cylinder).
10 Calorimeter An instrument used to measures quantities of heat.
11 Cardiogram(ECG) An instrument traces movements of the heat, recorded on a Cardiograph.
12 Cathetometer An instrument used to determines heights, measurement of levels etc
13 Chronometer An instrument used to determines longitude of a vessel at sea.
14 Colorimeter An instrument used to compares intensity of colors.
15 Commutator An instrument used to generators to reverse the direction of electric current.
16 Cryometer An instrument used to measure very low temperatures ,usually close to 00C
17 Cyclotron An instrument used to accelerating charge particles to high energies.
18 Dilatometer An instrument used to measures in volume of substance.
19 Dynamo An instrument used to convert mechanical energy into electrical energy.
20 Electroencephalograph (EEC) An instrument used to records and interprets the electrical waves of the brain.
21 Electrometer An instrument used to measures very small but potential difference in electric currents.
22 Electroscope An instrument used to detects presence of an electric charge.
23 Electron microscope An instrument used to obtain a magnifying view of very small objects capable of magnifying up to 20,000 times.
24 Endoscope An instrument used to examine internal parts of body.
25 Fathometer An instrument used to measure depth of ocean.
26 Flux meter An instrument used to measure magnetic flux.
27 Galvanometer An instrument used to measure electric current.
28 Hydrometer An instrument used to measure the relative density of liquids.
29 Hygrometer An instrument used to measure level of humidity.
30 Hydrophone An instrument used to measure sound under water.
31 Hygroscope An instrument used to shows the change in atmospheric humidity.
32 Hypsometer An instrument used to determine boiling point of liquids.
33 Kymograph An instrument used to graphically records physiological movement.
34 Lactometer An instrument used to measure the relative density of milk to determine purity.
35 Mach meter An instrument used to determine the speed of aircraft in terms of the speed of sound.
36 Magnetometer An instrument used to compares magnetic movements and fields.
37 Manometer An instrument used to measures the pressure of gases.
38 Micrometer An instrument used to converts sound waves into electric vibrations.
39 Microphone An instrument used to measure distance / angles.
40 Microscope An instrument used to obtain a magnified view of small objects.
41 Nephetometer An instrument used to measure the scattering of light by particles suspended in a liquid.
42 Odometer An instrument attached to the wheel of a vehicle, to measure the distance travelled.
43 Ohmmeter An instrument used to measure electrical resistance in ohms.
45 Ondometer An instrument used to measure the frequency of electromagnetic waves(radio wave)
46 Periscope An instrument used to view objects above sea level(used in submarines)
47 Photometer An instrument used to compares he luminous intensity of the source of light.
48 Polygraph An instrument used to simultaneously records changed in Physiological processes such as heartbeat, blood pressure and respiration, used as a lie detector.
49 Pyrheliometer An instrument used to measure components of radiation.
50 Pyrometer An instrument used to measure very high temperature.
51 Quadrant An instrument used to measure altitudes and angles in navigation and astronomy.
52 Rader An instrument used to detect direction and range of an approaching aeroplane by means of radio waves,(Radio, Angle, Detection and Rang)
53 Rain Gauge An instrument used to measure rainfall.
54 Radio Micrometer An instrument used to measure heat radiation.
55 Refractometer An instrument used to measure refractive indices
56 Salinometer An instrument used to determines salinity of solutions.
57 Sextant An instrument used to measure angular distance between two objects.
58 Seismograph An instrument used to recording the intensity and origin of earthquakes shocks.
59 Spectroscope An instrument used to observe or record spectra.
60 Speedometer An instrument used to measure speed of vehicle.
61 Sherometer An instrument used to measure curvature of spherical objects.
62 Sphygmometer An instrument used to measure blood pressure.
63 Stereoscope An instrument used to view two-dimensional pictures.
64 Stethoscope An instrument used by doctors to hear and analyze heart and lung sounds.
65 Stroboscope An instrument used to view rapidly moving objects.
66 Tachometer An instrument used to determine speed ,especially the rotation speed of a shaft(used in aeroplans and motor-boats)
67 Tangent Galvanometer An instrument used to measure the strength of direct current
68 Telemeter An instrument used to records physical happenings at a distant place.
69 Teleprinter An instrument used to receives and sends typed massage from one place to another.
70 Telescope An instrument used to view distant object in space
71 Thermometer An instrument used to measure temperature.
72 Thermostat An instrument used to regulates temperature at a particular point.
73 Tonometer An instrument used to measure the pitch of a sound.
74 Transponder An instrument used to receive a signal and transmit a reply immediately
75 Udometer An instrument used to rain gauge
76 Ultrasonoscope An instrument used to measure and use ultrasonic sound(beyond hearing)
77 Venturimeter An instrument used to measure the rate of flow of liquids
78 Vernier An instrument used to measure small sub-division of scale.
79 Viscometer An instrument used to measure the viscosity of liquid.
80 Voltmeter An instrument used to measure electric potential difference between two points.
81 Wattmeter An instrument used to measure the power of an electric circuit.
82 Wavemeter An instrument used to measure the wavelength of a radio-wave.

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